Assyria

   A region of ancient Mesopotamia that became the heartland of a series of Assyrian empires. Assyria was located in the region now occupied by northern Iraq, near the Tigris River. It stretched northward toward the foothills of the mountains of Armenia and eastward over the Jezirah plateau and Upper and Lower Zab rivers, tributaries of the Tigris. In ancient times most of the land in this region was a good deal more fertile than it is today. Consequently, in the late Stone Age (ca. 60003000 b.c.) Assyria was densely inhabited by farmers and herders. However, in the third millennium b.c., while urban centers were rising across Sumeria in the southwest, Assyria remained mostly rural. The area was absorbed into the Akkadian Empire in the 2300s b.c. But Assyria rose from near obscurity in the nineteenth century B.c. under an Amorite leader named Shamshi-Adad I, who established the first Assyrian Empire. After the collapse of the last Assyrian realm in the late 600s b.c., the region of Assyria faded back into obscurity and came under the control of a succession of outside powers, among them the Medes, Persians, Seleucid Greeks, Parthians, Sassanians, and Arabs.
   See also: Assyrian Empire; Babylonia; Medes

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Assyria — Middle English, from L. Assyria, from Gk. Assyria, short for Assyria ge the Assyrian land, from fem. of Assyrios pertaining to Assyria, from Akkad. Ashshur, name of the chief city of the kingdom and also of a god, probably from Assyrian sar… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Assyria — [ə sir′ē ə] ancient empire in SW Asia in the region of the upper Tigris River: at its height (7th cent. B.C. ), it extended from the head of the Persian Gulf to Egypt and Asia Minor: original cap. Ashur; later cap. Nineveh …   English World dictionary

  • ASSYRIA — I. ASSYRIA Arbor, quae et Medica, et Περσικὴ μηλέα, eadem cum Cittea plerisque Veterum. Sed Virgilius in illa describenda, ingentem arborem eam nobis tradit, quod Aurantiae potius, quam citro, convenit. Nam citrum non alte attollitur, Ipsa ingens …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • ASSYRIA —    The heartland of Assyria lies in the northern area of presentday Iraq, alongside the river Tigris, from the Anatolian foothills to the range of the Jebel Hamrin. Other important waterways to the east are the Upper and the Lower Zab, which run… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Assyria — One of the great empires of the ancient world, occupying a fertile area east of the River Tigris, corresponding to modern northern Iraq. In the city of Nineveh pottery which has been discovered is proof of habitation in the period 5000–3000 BCE,… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Assyria — /euh sear ee euh/, n. an ancient empire in SW Asia: greatest extent from ab. 750 to 612 B.C. Cap.: Nineveh. * * * Ancient empire, southwestern Asia. It grew from a small region around Ashur (in northern Iraq) to encompass an area stretching from… …   Universalium

  • Assyria —    The name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. It was a mountainous region lying to the north of Babylonia,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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